Firstly: Olympic Movement
The International Olympic Committee is based in the Swiss city of Lausanne. Baron Pierre de Coubertin is the founder of modern Olympic Movement (1896) which is the supreme authority of the International Olympic Movement. The Olympic Charter defines the fundamental principles of Olympic Movement as well as the organizations and jurisdictions of IOC. These principles are summarized as follows:
Philosophy of Olympic Movement is based on freeing sport from class, racial and political discrimination and improving the moral and physical aspects of people as these constitute the targeted objective of real sport. The goal of Olympic Games is not only to participate or win but they are featured in various parts of the world through their three symbols, namely circles, flag and symbol. The Olympic symbols are icons, flags and symbols used by the International Olympic Committee to elevate the Olympic Games. The rings are five interlocking rings, colored blue, yellow, black, green and red on a white field, known as the "Olympic rings" and represent five world continents, Africa, Asia, America, Europe and Australia. They also symbolize the associations of the entire world taking part in the Olympic Games with their athletes taking part with a spirit of fair competition, sincere friendship and Olympic values. The colors of the rings tougher with the white of the background included the colors composing every competing nation’s flag.
The IOC is now presided over by Dr. Thomas Back of Germany who succeeded the Belgian Jacque Rogge. The visit made by Marques Juan Antonio Samaranch, former IOC President, to the Sultanate for the second time in June 2001 marks an important event during which Samaranch conferred on His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said the Olympic Marriot Gold, the highest Olympic Award reserved for heads of state, in recognition of His Majesty’s role in support of sport, youth and the Olympic Movement.
Secondly: Oman Olympic Committee
The first OOC Board was formed pursuant to the Royal Decree No. 42/82 under the chairmanship of Mr. Abdalah bin Hamad Al Ali and other seven members, the aim being to propagate and exercise sports games and cater for Omani athletes and national teams representing the Sultanate in-house and overseas. The decree was issued as part of the keen interest shown by the Sultanate in various fields, including sports. Several ministerial decisions were then issued re-forming OOC Boards, the latest of which was the Ministerial Decision No. 14/2005 dated 6 February 2005 setting up the first OOC Board. OOC has always been endeavoring to establish within the community and strengthen the principles of Olympic Movement in all its fields guided in this respect by the saying of the great leader of our blessed renaissance, His Majesty the Sultan: “Oman’s policy is based on extending the hand of friendly to all our friends and we are wholly committed to our role for peace”.
Oman Olympic Committee has full membership with the following sports organizations:
Thirdly: OOC Member Sports Associations
Fourthly: Jurisdictions of Oman Olympic Committee
No natural or judicial person may be named after Oman Olympic Committee or take any other name that gives rise to ambiguity in this regard.
Fifthly: Activities and Events
1. Oman Olympic Committee has participated in the following Asian Games:
1. 9th Asian Games – Delhi, India 1982
2. Oman Olympic Committee also took part in the following Olympic Games:
3. Arab Games
Oman Olympic Committee took part in several Arab Games, latest of which was the Arab Games in Doha December 2011.
4. OOC Meetings
OOC is keen on attending meetings of the General Assemblies of International Olympic Committee (IOC), Association of National Olympic Committees (ANOC), Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) as well as meetings of supporting committees and the Executive Bureau and GCC Olympic Committees in addition to seminars, workshops and training clinics on regular basis.
5. Programmes for Training and Qualifying Coaches, Referees, administrators and sports leaders
OOC coordinates with Olympic Solidarity and OCA for utilization of training programmes for coaches, administrators and sports leaders by dispatching them to overseas courses or organizing in-house courses under the supervision of IOC in addition to the international academic study programmes conducted in Greece, Semmelweis University in Hungary and other international training centers.
6. Olympic Days
OOC has introduced a new championship with the participation of all Omani sports association by the name “Olympic Day”. Held in 1998 for the first time, the Olympic Day continues to be staged on annual basis with significant turnout and success. The event has contributed to identifying promising talents in various sports and was combined with the summer sports activities which targeted the youth and youngsters during the school summer holidays.
7. Olympic Run Day
OOC organizes the Olympic Run Day annually in coordination with the IOC and Arab Athletics Federation. The first event was held in 1988 in Salalah.
Sixthly: GCC Sports Federation
OOC presented a working paper to the fifth meeting of Their Highnesses and Their Excellences Presidents of GCC National Olympic Committees that included the proposed statutes of the GCC Sports Federation and its objectives. Deliberations and studies for the setting up of this federation took two years. The formation of the federation was approved in the eighth meeting of the GCC Presidents of National Olympic Committees held in Doha on 20 January 2003.
The Sultanate was approved to play host to the premises of the federation under the chairmanship of OOC Chairman pursuant to the federation’s statutes. However, the federation faced some difficulties which prompted the presidents of GCC national Olympic Committees to recommend freezing of the idea with the Sultanate reserving its right to play host to the federation’s headquarters when the idea materializes again.