Firstly: Olympic Movement
The International Olympic Committee is based in the Swiss city of Lausanne. Baron Pierre de Coubertin is the founder of modern Olympic Movement (1896) which is the supreme authority of the International Olympic Movement. The Olympic Charter defines the fundamental principles of Olympic Movement as well as the organizations and jurisdictions of IOC. These principles are summarized as follows:
- Developing the physical and moral attributes which represent the basic base of sport.
- Raising the youth and instilling in them further understanding and friendship and assisting them to build a safer world through sport.
- Disseminating the Olympic principles in various parts of the world and creating cordial international relations.
- Gathering of athletes of the world in the grand sports festivity, the Olympic Games, held every four years.
Philosophy of Olympic Movement is based on freeing sport from class, racial and political discrimination and improving the moral and physical aspects of people as these constitute the targeted objective of real sport. The goal of Olympic Games is not only to participate or win but they are featured in various parts of the world through their three symbols, namely circles, flag and symbol. The Olympic symbols are icons, flags and symbols used by the International Olympic Committee to elevate the Olympic Games. The rings are five interlocking rings, colored blue, yellow, black, green and red on a white field, known as the “Olympic rings” and represent five world continents, Africa, Asia, America, Europe and Australia. They also symbolize the associations of the entire world taking part in the Olympic Games with their athletes taking part with a spirit of fair competition, sincere friendship and Olympic values. The colors of the rings tougher with the white of the background included the colors composing every competing nation’s flag.
The IOC is now presided over by Dr. Thomas Back of Germany who succeeded the Belgian Jacque Rogge. The visit made by Marques Juan Antonio Samaranch, former IOC President, to the Sultanate for the second time in June 2001 marks an important event during which Samaranch conferred on His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said the Olympic Marriot Gold, the highest Olympic Award reserved for heads of state, in recognition of His Majesty’s role in support of sport, youth and the Olympic Movement.
Secondly: Oman Olympic Committee
The first OOC Board was formed pursuant to the Royal Decree No. 42/82 under the chairmanship of Mr. Abdalah bin Hamad Al Ali and other seven members, the aim being to propagate and exercise sports games and cater for Omani athletes and national teams representing the Sultanate in-house and overseas. The decree was issued as part of the keen interest shown by the Sultanate in various fields, including sports. Several ministerial decisions were then issued re-forming OOC Boards, the latest of which was the Ministerial Decision No. 14/2005 dated 6 February 2005 setting up the first OOC Board. OOC has always been endeavoring to establish within the community and strengthen the principles of Olympic Movement in all its fields guided in this respect by the saying of the great leader of our blessed renaissance, His Majesty the Sultan: “Oman’s policy is based on extending the hand of friendly to all our friends and we are wholly committed to our role for peace”.
Oman Olympic Committee has full membership with the following sports organizations:
- International Olympic Committee 1982
- Association of National Olympic Committees (ANOC) 1982
- Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) 1982
- Union of Arab National Olympic Committees 1982
- Islamic Solidarity Sports Federation 1985
- GCC Sports Games Organizing Committees 1985
Thirdly: OOC Member Sports Associations
- Oman Athletics Association
- Oman Food Association
- Oman Hockey Association
- Oman Handball Association
- Oman Basketball Association
- Oman Volleyball Association
- Oman Shooting Association
- Oman Tennis Association
- Oman Swimming Association
- Oman Equestrian Association
Fourthly: Jurisdictions of Oman Olympic Committee
- Develop, promote and protect the Olympic Movement in the Sultanate of Oman, preserve the Olympic rules and principles and seriously adopt methods and appropriate ways to encourage development of women’s participation in sporting activities at all levels both locally and internationally.
- Organize Olympic sporting activity within the Sultanate of Oman, coordinate this activity among its various sports associations and participate with them in drawing up programmes and plans pertaining to the Olympic and regional activity.
- Organize Olympic, continental and regional events and activities scheduled to be held in the Sultanate of Oman in accordance with the Olympic and international rules and systems.
- Cooperate and coordinate with the sports associations to better prepare teams representing the Sultanate in regional, continental, international and Olympic Games and propose selection of representatives of the Sultanate in such events in accordance with the rules and systems prescribed by International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the decisions made by the committees of these events and suggest representations by the associations taking part in international, continental or regional conferences and meetings. The Oman Olympic Committee shall represent the Sultanate of Oman at the Olympic Games and at the regional, continental or world multi-sports competitions patronized by the IOC and shall constitute, organize and lead its respective delegations at these competitions. Moreover, it shall be responsible for the behaviour of the members of its delegations and undertake to participate in the Games of the Olympic Games by sending athletes.
- Assist sports associations in performing their mission, coordinate work among them.
- Work towards resolving sports-related disputes through the Dispute Resolution and Arbitration for Sports Committee which is formed and whose operating system is set up by the Board.
- Work towards preventing the use of dopes and drugs that are prohibited by International Olympic Committee or international sports federations and implement penalties provided for in regulations and rules issued by International Olympic Committee (IOC) or the concerned international organizations. Implement the World Anti-Doping Code and its rules and requirements of membership and respect all the roles and responsibilities for NOCs that are listed within the World Anti-Doping Code.
- Contribute to preparing sporting leaderships and developing their skills.
- Encourage implementation of the “sports for all” programmes.
- The flag, the emblem and the anthem adopted by the Oman Olympic Committee for use in relation to its activities, including the Olympic Games, shall be subject to the approval of the IOC. The Committee shall Issue permission for its name and logo to be used, manufactured or merchandized in accordance with the provisions of the Olympic Charter and conditions and situations prescribed by the Board of Directors.
No natural or judicial person may be named after Oman Olympic Committee or take any other name that gives rise to ambiguity in this regard.
- Participate in disseminating Olympic spirit in educational sporting programmes within schools, universities and sports groups.
- Participate in activities that serve the making of peace and preserving environment and good sporting manners and conducts.
- Work towards developing and protecting the Olympic movement and disseminating its basic principles in sports activity through cooperation with government bodies and non-government organizations in the Sultanate of Oman, not to associate itself with any activity which would be in contradiction with the Olympic Charter, and preserve its autonomy in face of any pressures preventing the Olympic Committee from complying with the Olympic Charter.
- Work towards preventing all forms of discrimination, differentiation or violence in the sports.
- Represent the Sultanate of Oman in Olympic, international, continental and regional events whether held inside or outside the Sultanate.
- Work towards implementing such projects as the Oman Olympic Academy and the Oman Olympic Museum with the aim of encouraging Olympic education and training and preparing cultural bulletins associated with the Olympic Movement.
Fifthly: Activities and Events
1. Oman Olympic Committee has participated in the following Asian Games:
1. 9th Asian Games – Delhi, India 1982
- 10th Asian Games – Seoul, Korea 1986
- 11th Asian Games – Beijing, China 1990
- 12th Asian Games – Hiroshima, Japan 1994
- 13th Asian Games – Bangkok, Thailand 1998
- 14th Asian Games – Busan, Korea 2002
- 15th Asian Games – Doha, Qatar 2006
- 16th Asian Games – Guangzhou, China 2010
2. Oman Olympic Committee also took part in the following Olympic Games:
- 23rd Olympic Games, Log Angeles (United States) 1984
- 24th Olympic Games, Seoul (South Korea) 1988
- 25th Olympic Games, Barcelona (Spain) 1992
- 26th Olympic Games, Atlanta (United States) 1996
- 27th Olympic Games, Sydney (Australia) 2000
- 28th Olympic Games, Athens (Greece) 2004
- 29th Olympic Games, Beijing (China) 2008
- 30th Olympic Games, London (Britain) 2012
3. Arab Games
Oman Olympic Committee took part in several Arab Games, latest of which was the Arab Games in Doha December 2011.
4. OOC Meetings
OOC is keen on attending meetings of the General Assemblies of International Olympic Committee (IOC), Association of National Olympic Committees (ANOC), Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) as well as meetings of supporting committees and the Executive Bureau and GCC Olympic Committees in addition to seminars, workshops and training clinics on regular basis.
5. Programmes for Training and Qualifying Coaches, Referees, administrators and sports leaders
OOC coordinates with Olympic Solidarity and OCA for utilization of training programmes for coaches, administrators and sports leaders by dispatching them to overseas courses or organizing in-house courses under the supervision of IOC in addition to the international academic study programmes conducted in Greece, Semmelweis University in Hungary and other international training centers.
6. Olympic Days
OOC has introduced a new championship with the participation of all Omani sports association by the name “Olympic Day”. Held in 1998 for the first time, the Olympic Day continues to be staged on annual basis with significant turnout and success. The event has contributed to identifying promising talents in various sports and was combined with the summer sports activities which targeted the youth and youngsters during the school summer holidays.
7. Olympic Run Day
OOC organizes the Olympic Run Day annually in coordination with the IOC and Arab Athletics Federation. The first event was held in 1988 in Salalah.
Sixthly: GCC Sports Federation
OOC presented a working paper to the fifth meeting of Their Highnesses and Their Excellences Presidents of GCC National Olympic Committees that included the proposed statutes of the GCC Sports Federation and its objectives. Deliberations and studies for the setting up of this federation took two years. The formation of the federation was approved in the eighth meeting of the GCC Presidents of National Olympic Committees held in Doha on 20 January 2003.
The Sultanate was approved to play host to the premises of the federation under the chairmanship of OOC Chairman pursuant to the federation’s statutes. However, the federation faced some difficulties which prompted the presidents of GCC national Olympic Committees to recommend freezing of the idea with the Sultanate reserving its right to play host to the federation’s headquarters when the idea materializes again.